A set of surgeries aimed at making changes to your digestive system are collectively known as bariatric surgery. And if you are looking for the best bariatric surgeon in India, you should know that this surgery is recommended for people who have trouble losing weight via normal means and are faced with serious health conditions because of the excess weight. Procedures involved in bariatric surgery primarily aim at reducing the ability of a patient to absorb nutrients in their body and limit their diet significantly.
There are numerous health conditions that are triggered by excess weight; some even life-threatening. Obesity can cause various heart diseases, increase the chances of stroke significantly, increase blood pressure, lead to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, sleep apnea, and diabetes. According to the best bariatric surgeon Dubai based, bariatric surgery is an option for you if your BMI is 40 or higher, or you have serious medical conditions that require weight loss. However, a patient is required to meet several medical guidelines in order to qualify for this surgery. The screening process in bariatric surgery Thailand based centers is extensive and requires you to make permanent changes to your lifestyle. If you believe you can commit to such changes, it is advised to check with your insurance provider to ensure that they cover such procedures.
Types of bariatric surgery
Gastric bypass or Roux-en-Y
This non-reversible surgery is the most common form of gastric bypass. Roux-en-Y entails decreasing the rate of absorption of nutrients in the body and limiting the amount of food you intake per meal. Bariatric surgery Dubai based surgeons start with cutting across the top of the patient’s stomach and knitting it off. This excludes the top part of the stomach from the rest of it and only allows a small portion of food to sit in the stomach. In the next step, the surgeon cuts off the small intestine and connects it to the smaller pouch of the stomach. This results in the food traveling directly from the stomach to the middle of the small intestine, not allowing it enough time to absorb the nutrients.
Sleeve gastrectomy entrails removal of about 80% of the stomach from the body, leaving behind a long tubular pouch. Since the size of the stomach is reduced, the capacity to hold food also reduces and the release of ghrelin hormone responsible for appetite regulations is also restricted. This procedure is preferred over gastric bypass because it does not include rerouting the intestine which means it has the same effect but with a shorter hospital stay.
Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch
This surgery is a two-parter; the first part entails a sleeve gastrectomy and the second part of the surgery involves rerouting of the small intestine. However, in this procedure, the best bariatric surgeon in India will connect the end part of the intestine to the duodenum around the stomach. This helps in bypassing a significant part of the intestine which results in a very limited absorption of nutrients in the body.
How to prepare and what to expect
If you qualify for bariatric surgery, the next step is to prepare for the specific type of surgery your doctor recommends. The surgery requires following a strict diet before the procedure is performed and the surgeon will inform you in prior as to what your diet will consist of. The intricacies of the surgery depend on the type of surgery that you choose to go for; however, most surgeries are performed laparoscopically. The surgery usually takes a couple of hours to perform and requires the patient to stay at the healthcare center for a few days.